Мир Знаний

Aerospace industry in the Russian province (стр. 2 из 3)

This allowed the Voronezh region to take part in the pilot mining activities developed by the Federal Program "Revival and development of small aircraft of Russia has additionally raise funds in the region. At the same time, the potential of aviation industry is not limited production capacity aircraft factory. Of the previous scientific and technical developments allow to realize several projects in the aviation industry:

- Selhozsamolet Tu-54 ", business jets," Tu-34 ", snowmobile - Amphibian" AS-2, which have no analogues in the world (Voronezh branch of JSC "Tupolev"); - "Corporate" interregional multipurpose 15-30 setter aircraft short takeoff and landing of a universal-based transport aircraft vertical takeoff and landing with a lifting scheme and module combination selhozsamolet CX-5 (OOO "Composite Air"); - Lightweight silent patrol aircraft to meet the challenges of supervision and counterterrorism (OOO NPP "ORT");

- Ultralight secure multi-purpose gyro, ultra lights various modifications (Ltd. "Sigma Project"); - An unmanned, remotely piloted helicopter to freewheeling aerial chemical works, the remote control system using a satellite navigation system GPS, secure multi-purpose gyros (ZAO Processor Echo "); - Ultra-light aircraft "Horizon", "Debut" (OOO "Horizon") and others. - Especially important for the development of small aircraft is the development and manufacture of piston engines for small aircraft, including diesel (Federal State Unitary Enterprise "VSW", OJSC "OKBM");

We should note that enterprises, research institutes and design industry mostly managed to retain highly skilled human resource capacity of specialists capable of solving complex problems for the development of new types of aircraft. In the Voronezh region has experience in aircraft leasing scheme. However, the lack of a coordinated integrated approach to development of small aircraft do not make full use of available resources and inputs. Currently, new approaches to support small aircraft, and the Voronezh region could become a testing ground to simulate the modern mechanisms of its development. The main mechanism of implementing industrial policies in addressing this issue has become the regional purpose program "Development of small aircraft of the Voronezh region, 2007-2011." However, the Decision of the Voronezh Regional Duma on December 24, 2009 № 2034-IV-AP program has been recognized lapsed. According to official statistics, today in Russia there are about 60,000 settlements, which are not accessible ground transportation. Basically, these are areas of Siberia, Kamchatka, Far East and Chukotka. Hence it is clear demand for these and many other regions in small aircraft. At one time, inaccessible areas of the country serviced by an AN-2. But it must be replaced with new small-sized aircraft. Development of such aircraft is currently engaged in collective Voronezh business incubator.

3.2 Kaluga region

Kaluga region was among the first complied with the recommendations of the Government of the Russian Federation on the need for regional targets for space programs.

In order to expand the range and volume of services provided by governments and organizations to the population on the basis of an integrated regional information system of the Kaluga region, using the results of space activities and modern GIS technology was developed long-term regional target program (OTSP) "Use of space activities and modern geographic information technologies for socio-economic development of the Kaluga Region in 2010-2012. "

This program is a logical extension of such a space program, already implemented in 2008-2009., which was designed to meet the growing needs in the results of space activities in all categories Russian users of federal and regional executive authorities, local authorities and domestic business. Preparing to implement the new program was carried out almost the entire year 2010, has accumulated a large scientific-technical and methodological groundwork that will allow to fully implement this program. Practical work carried out in 2007-2009. In the Kaluga region on the integrated use of satellite monitoring systems, space and geographic information technologies have enabled a first Integrated Regional Information System (IRIS), the Kaluga region.

This was achieved through the introduction of highly effective information technology and solutions.

IRIS is part of the state information system of the Kaluga region and contains information derived from space monitoring tools (data from remote sensing (RS), navigation, communications), uses space technology and GIS, the existing geographic information system of the Kaluga region (GIS Kaluga region) , high speed corporate information and communications network authorities of the Kaluga region.

A whole infrastructure - Regional Information and Analytical Center (RIATS), Regional Centre for Space Monitoring (RTSKM), basic and municipal GIS centers, information and analysis centers in the ministries of the Kaluga region, which integrates information resources of government region. In addition to addition, based on the KF Bauman possibilities of using the results of space activities in the area. A specialist FSUE RISDE "- the parent organization for the implementation of OTSP - a program of training them. NE Bauman was created innovative educational space center of the first stage. Its main objective is training and promotion of public and municipal officials on a special course, "The possibilities of practical use of space and geo-information technologies for social and economic development in the Kaluga region."

aviation astronautic federal financial

3.3 Samara Region

Samara Region has significant scientific, technical and technological potential, which is largely due to the presence of a diversified economy, a large concentration of the engineering profile (mainly automotive and aerospace) as well as close cooperation Samara scientists with research centers in Moscow and the Volga region. One of the main directions of development of the region is to support the defense industry to solve the problem by increasing gross domestic product (GDP).

Most of the DIC is part of the aerospace cluster. Samara region - one of the first regions in Russia began to consistently implement the cluster approach to economic development: it is the basis of socio-economic development of the province until 2020. This is the most suitable option for the industrial region with a significant industrial and technological and scientific potential, a complex, diversified structure of economic activity. Considerable potential for the formation of clusters laid in the most competitive industries - are the automotive, petrochemical, aerospace clusters that make up the backbone of the economy of the Samara region.

In Samara region in Russia are the leading company in development, production and launch of rockets and spacecraft, among which are the following. State Research and Production Space Rocket Center TsSKB-Progress ", on the basis of which formed aerospace cluster - the world leader in the development of launch vehicles of the middle class. Launch vehicle "Soyuz" - the most reliable in the world of missile. The company occupies a leading position in Russia, a spacecraft remote sensing and spacecraft for medico-biological experiments. Worldwide known booster of the "Soyuz" spacecraft "Resurs DK", "Bion-M" and "Photon-M. OAO SNTK them. ND Kuznetsov has been working on a new engine NK-93, which took flight tests. Beginning in 2005, is R & D work on creating an engine running on compressed natural gas for the main railway locomotive power of 8.3 MW. OAO Motorostroitel along with the implementation of increasing orders for rocket engines for SRP Federal State Unitary Enterprise "Design Bureau Progress" continues to develop the production of gas turbine-based aircraft engine on the orders of Gazprom and subsidiaries of RAO UES. Among the priority activities in 2007-2010. was the implementation of the state defense order for the repair and modernization of aircraft engines for the Strategic Air Command. OAO Aviakor-Samara Aviation Plant. The main products of the plant - passenger aircraft TU - (New and renovated) and the assembly of a new regional aircraft AN - 140 together with Ukrainian companies. For businesses aerospace industry includes enterprises aggregate direction of "Aviaagregat, OAO Gidroavtomatika", OJSC "unit", OJSC "Salute", and OAO "Metalist-Samara, specializing in the manufacture of components of aircraft and rocket engines.

Prospective development of the aerospace cluster, the Samara region is carried out in several interrelated ways.

Is a priority use of the building industry for the transition to innovative development, production of new products and attracting for these purposes by private investors.

Competitive advantages of the cluster based on its strong scientific-technological and engineering base.

The scientific activity of the aerospace cluster in the Samara region is TsSKB-Progress SNTK them. N. Kuznetsov, Samara State Aerospace University, and other organizations. Technologies developed and tested in organizations, in design offices, universities hold significant promise for use in various sectors of the economy: medicine, instrument and machine-tool industry, meteorology, cartography, mineral deposits. In this sector, a number of fundamentally new technologies that have no analogues.

The cluster on the basis of the largest innovative university Samara State Aerospace University, a powerful innovation infrastructure - technology park, technology transfer center, media center, business incubator.

Established infrastructure to eventually become one of the supporting elements of the national innovation system and serve as the basis for the formation of regional zones of innovative development.

The use of these competitive advantages will effectively implement the Samara region and Russia major breakthrough technology industry. It is also important active interaction with the structures that make decisions on state support for industry.

In this direction, priorities are the following approaches: - The listing of cluster created at the federal level, the integrated structure (in particular, involves pooling the research, design and production of the once-common industrial complexes); - Increase the flow of federal funds; - The participation of organizations in a variety of federal target programs; - Encouraging diversification of production, incorporation into the value chain civilian direction of various economic sectors - automotive, agricultural machinery, rail transport, fuel and energy complex; - Long-term systemic interaction with major national companies, OAO Gazprom, OAO Russian Railways ";

- To attract private investors, especially in order to create innovative sources of economic growth;

- The use of innovative opportunities for the aerospace cluster development in other sectors of the economy.

3.4 Perm Region

Today, Perm has taken a firm position in the ranking of Russian aerospace techno.

In Soviet times nearly 50% of factories, design bureaus and institutes of Perm in the aerospace, defense and space industries have worked to space launch and space forces, the Strategic Rocket Forces, the civil, military transport aircraft and air force. Today the Permian enterprises produce competitive in the global market space-rocket engines, helicopter gearboxes and transmissions, aircraft instruments and machines, cables and wires for space and aviation, design aircraft engines, machines and devices for next generation aircraft.

In the postwar years, Perm was a closed city solely because of the abundance of enterprises and KB rocket and space industry. In Perm, and today make engines for the main Russian rocket Proton and a number of solid-fuel rockets land-and sea-based systems.

Difficulty almost four generations in the Perm region established and operates the largest Russian enterprises complex aircraft engine-, assembly-and instrument-making, aerospace industry, producing highly competitive products. Today in the Perm region there is only one subject the supreme national interest and sovereignty of Russia. This is the theme of quality and ability to do the "Perm Motors and other companies a competitive aviation and space-rocket motors, the world's best helicopter gearboxes, transmissions, units and appliances.

In enterprises, industrial and aviation-space-rocket complex in Perm today, the question is whether the Perm region a first-class, advanced and highly respected Russian region or the end will slide to the raw materials and the transit provinces, even with a budget surplus.

Decisive in resolving this issue are the two most important for the Perm engine problems. First of all - it guarantees to equip aircraft engines PS-90A all new (adapted for the purpose) of the types of domestic aircraft and repairs have already issued.

The second is a very promising area of activity for companies perm aerospace industry - is to create first-stage engine for the rocket Angara. The problem today is the approval of the funding program "Angara" in general.

3.5 Penza region

Strategy for socio-economic development of the Penza region in the long term (until 2021) - a system of policies and measures of public administration, aimed at creating conditions for innovation development, strengthening of the Penza region among the subjects of the Russian Federation and in the world economy. The strategy is based on the targets specified in the policy documents at the federal level: the annual Presidential Address to the Federal Assembly and the Concept of long-term socio-economic development of the Russian Federation until 2020. Among the traditional industries of the regional economy more competitive remains instrument-making, ensuring the needs of defense industry, aviation and aerospace industry. Here are the leading enterprises of the aviation industry, among them Russia's largest company to develop, manufacture and repair of aviation equipment "Tupolev", OAO "BSPC" - the Russian leader in the design and manufacture of flight simulators, developed on the basis of world science and technology, which operate both in Russia and in countries near and far abroad; Institute of Physical Measurements specializes in creating devices for airborne and ground-based measuring systems to be placed on the rockets and spacecraft, instruments, ground launch facilities from which to launch rockets, provides facilities for space research and industry in other countries. Penza Simulation Design Bureau is - state-owned enterprise of the Russian Aviation and Space Agency. Government of the Penza region%.


CONCLUSION

Russia needs a strong aerospace industry, which requires effective state support. Public policies supporting the aviation industry should be directed primarily to support a limited number of technologically balanced production in selected areas and projects. Others, excessive production have to adjust, relying on its own strength, or they need to provide targeted support for the conversion of their activities on the basis of competition of the proposals.

The main form of direct financial support for the aviation industry are federal programs. In addition, the increased financial opportunities states allow to develop aircraft leasing. Another area of state support of aircraft industry is the implementation of joint projects for the creation of a new civil aircraft. Such programs are many. There are numerous programs of cooperation of Russian and foreign airlines, which have so far insignificant amount of work. State support may be in the form of large-scale programs in the field of military aviation, which, along with civilian programs contribute to the preservation of science, technology and competitiveness.

When you create a space-rocket technology implemented many projects. They are potentially interested in other sectors of the economy. Consumers of this product may be, and small and medium-sized businesses are not able to conduct their own research, but wishing to use the new ideas that will eventually lead to more competitive products. High enough demand for intangible products RCP: methods of development and design, management techniques, new processes, implemented in the manufacture of products.

The implementation of space programs significantly enhance the ability of information and communication technologies in various sectors of the economy and in the implementation of priority national projects in our country.


REFERENCES

1. Bezborodov V.G. Surzhenko S.A, Proskurnin A.N Integrated use of space and geo-information technologies to meet the challenges of regional governance / Geomatics. 2010. № 1. 108.

2. Bendikov M.A, Frolov I.E The problem of choosing the strategy of the aviation industry / Management in Russia and abroad. 2003. № 3. S. 23-24.

3. Space technologies for the development of the field: Authors material department "Computer software, information technology and applied mathematics" (FN1-CF) CF MSTU. Bauman / / "AIF", Kaluga. 2007. № 45. C. 5.